Auto Fault Self-diagnosis

Auto Fault Self-diagnosis

Vehicle maintenance is past the core machinery repair manual skills, the main emphasis on vehicle maintenance technology, and to repair parts for the major maintenance technology, but also assembly and disassembly process to More »

Battery Trickle Chargers - When To Use A Motorcycle Battery Charger

Battery Trickle Chargers - When To Use A Motorcycle Battery Charger

Owners of motorcycle or ATV always complain about their batteries. If you dont have a motorcycle battery charger or a battery trickle charger, More »

Polytetrafluoroethylene - lock picking tools - automotive lockout tools Manufacturer

Polytetrafluoroethylene - lock picking tools - automotive lockout tools Manufacturer

History PTFE was accidentally invented by Roy Plunkett of Kinetic Chemicals in 1938. While Plunkett was attempting to make a new CFC More »

Jobs Available with an Automotive School Degree

Jobs Available with an Automotive School Degree

Many who are interested in getting an education from an automotive school are unsure about the job security an automotive career can offer. There are a wide variety of jobs available to graduates of automotive school programs. More »

Things You Need To Check Before Riding Your Dirt Bike

Things You Need To Check Before Riding Your Dirt Bike

Nowadays, individuals are more into motorcycles than cars due to numerous benefits such as lower fuel expenses and maintenance costs. Apart from that, individuals can also choose different types of motorcycles from sport bikes, More »

 

Auto Fault Self-diagnosis

cramlingtondirect.info1Vehicle maintenance is past the core machinery repair manual skills, the main emphasis on vehicle maintenance technology, and to repair parts for the major maintenance technology, but also assembly and disassembly process to adjust the combination of parts repair process. The tools we can use to launch x431, lexia3, mb star.In contrast, the modern automobile maintenance is based on mechanical, electrical, hydraulic integration of the core of the comprehensive system diagnostics diagnostics.

Automobile Maintenance prominent diagnostic techniques, and to accurately diagnose faults as the goal, fully demonstrating the “seven diagnostic, one-third of repair” of the modern car maintenance methods; a result, many electronics companies have coveted cars, and equipment maintenance markets, have developed to meet the future automotive self-diagnosis tasks.

In the solid basis of development of automotive electronics automobile self-diagnosis function. Do not overlook the launch x431 of use.Since the beginning of electronic technology and vehicle technology combination, the electronic technology in the car on the increasingly wide range of applications, especially in the field of electronic technology of integrated circuits, large-scale integrated circuits and VLSI development, a car special offers functionality, reliability, fast response, low cost of automotive electronic control systems.

However, the electronic vehicle control, but also brought new problems. First, automobile electronic control systems become more complex, more and more difficult vehicle maintenance, vehicle maintenance capability of technical staff is relatively increased; other hand, the electronic control system security debugging features to prevent car because electronic control system itself fails, resulting in vehicle emissions control and can not run.

Therefore, in order to cope with situations such as these, automotive electronic control technology R & D personnel, conducting Vehicle Electronic Control System design, while increasing fault self diagnosis system. It can run the process in the automotive electronic control systems continuously monitor, including: engine start, engine, electronic ignition, fuel injection and other system operation status.

Once Fashengyichang case, Zaigen Ju-specific algorithms calculate Chujutidi Guzhang reasons, and to Dai Ma Xingshicunchu in the driving system (or Chen traffic black box), while the corresponding fault Yunxing module Gongneng start, Shi Chan Sheng failure of Qi Ju Neng to repair shop for maintenance, and technical maintenance personnel can use the vehicle self-diagnostic function to find the fault code for the failure to accurately repair the problem fast.

The basic principle of fault self-diagnosis and composition. Reliability and easy maintenance from the point of view, automotive electronic control system should be equipped with self-diagnostic function; since the 80’s GM vehicles the United States developed the first in a new electronic control system malfunction self-diagnostic function to add, the global world-class car manufacturers emulate, have produced in various electronic control systems equipped with a fault in the self-diagnostic function; after a long period of development, self-diagnostic module will not only address the safety of automobile electronic control systems and vehicle storage memory failure also able to provide immediate car produced by a variety of system operation parameters. Also noted that the use of what tools, such as lexia3 of use.Since then, the “car fault self-diagnosis function” has become the new car factory and car repair workshop fault detection problem indispensable helper.

The basic principle of fault self-diagnosis and composition. Reliability and easy maintenance from the point of view, automotive electronic control system should be equipped with self-diagnostic function; since the 80’s GM vehicles the United States developed the first in a new electronic control system malfunction self-diagnostic function to add, the global world-class car manufacturers emulate, have produced in various electronic control systems equipped with a fault in the self-diagnostic function; after a long period of development, self-diagnostic module will not only address the safety of automobile electronic control systems and vehicle storage memory failure also able to provide immediate car produced by a variety of system operation parameters. Since then, the “car fault self-diagnosis function” has become the new car factory and car repair workshop fault detection problem indispensable helper.

Currently, for sensors, electronic control systems, implementation of the components are three kinds of monitoring devices to detect the fault reason, fault self-diagnosis module to a different response measures:

When the car of a sensor or circuit failure, its signal can no longer control parameters of a vehicle, to car to run continuously, fault self-diagnosis program in the memory module did give out pre-set transfer the experience of value as input parameters of the circuit response, the automobile will continue to operate in a short time.

When the electronic control system itself produces failure, fault diagnosis module will Chufabeiyong control loop response of Jiandan right control, cars can Kaidao repair scheduled maintenance emergency called fault “Auto failure limp “feature.

When the car took place on an implementation of the components of unknown cause of the malfunction may result in damage or serious consequences for other components, to be safe, self-diagnostic module to take certain safety measures, the implementation of certain functions automatically stop, this function is called fail-safe.Also to consider the use of mb star. For example: When the ignition failure, fault self-diagnosis module will stop the fuel injection system provides the power to suspend the fuel injection nozzle supply, restrain the gas mixture is not burning completely into the exhaust system to reduce accidents occurred.

Battery Trickle Chargers – When To Use A Motorcycle Battery Charger

cramlingtondirect.info2Owners of motorcycle or ATV always complain about their batteries. If you dont have a motorcycle battery charger or a battery trickle charger, you will definitely have problems. A battery will self-discharge at the rate of 5% per month just sitting around. It would seem logical to assume that a low battery can be charged simply by riding your bike or atv. A low battery cannot be fully charged by riding the bike, no matter how far you go.

Lets start with the battery. If the bike is not in use for 30 days, the battery should be placed on charge with a 2 amp or smaller battery trickle charger for 24-48 hours every 30 days with no usage. This would be a very good idea on bikes that are ridden only once or twice a month as well. Most automotive battery chargers charge at 6, 10, or greater amperage. Using a motorcycle battery charger like that will overheat the battery, warping the plates inside until they ground out against each other, shortening battery life. A battery should never be charged at more than 10% of its rated capacity. The largest battery in our industry is 20 amps, so 2 amps is the maximum charge rate for that battery. Anything more will damage it.

Besides damaging the battery when charging at excessive amperage, the battery remains low on charge after the quick charge, and the same damage will occur, even if you are successful in getting the bike to start. Then the charging system will be strained running the bike with the low battery, possibly causing damage to the alternator components.

When a battery is in a low state of charge (for a period of time), the acid in it separates (as mentioned in last paragraph). This causes a condition known as sulfation. Sulfation causes deterioration of the lead plates inside the battery, leading to an early failure. The lower that the batteries state of charge becomes, the faster sulfations effects take over, weakening the battery quicker.

Once a battery has been left completely dead, they will almost always not come back from that totally dead condition. The handful that will, are almost never very reliable or very strong again.

The bottom line to this battery deal is to work to never let the battery go dead or stored in a low state of charge.

It is best to think of motorcycle battery chargers or battery trickle chargers as a maintenance system. A motorcycle battery chargers or battery trickle chargers are basically designed to replace the energy required to start the motorcycle. In effect, a battery that started the bike at 80% charge, will likely only get to 80-85% after running. Not only will riding the bike with a low battery not fully charge the battery, this causes the battery charger to charge as hard as it can while trying to charge the low battery. A motorcycle battery charger or battery trickle charger are not designed to stay at full charge level for extended periods. When required to do so, this over heats rectifiers, stator windings, and regulator components causing them to fail. This only adds to the cost of replacing the battery that was failing anyway.

A motorcycle battery charger or battery trickle charger can be purchased for below $40. If you prefer not to have to remember to plug/unplug the charger during storage, a battery trickle charger is a great solution as they can be left plugged in.

Polytetrafluoroethylene – lock picking tools – automotive lockout tools Manufacturer

cramlingtondirect.info3History PTFE was accidentally invented by Roy Plunkett of Kinetic Chemicals in 1938. While Plunkett was attempting to make a new CFC refrigerant, the perfluorethylene polymerized in its pressurized storage container, with the iron from the inside of the container acting as a catalyst. Kinetic Chemicals patented it in 1941 and registered the Teflon trademark in 1945. By 1950, DuPont had acquired interest in Kinetic Chemicals and was producing over a million pounds (450 tons) of Teflon per year in Parkersburg, West Virginia. In 1954, French engineer Marc Grgoire created the first pan coated with Teflon non-stick resin under the brand name of Tefal after his wife urged him to try the material he had been using on fishing tackle on her cooking pans. In the United States, Kansas City, Missouri resident Marion A. Trozzolo, who had been using the substance on scientific utensils, marketed the first US-made Teflon coated frying pan, “The Happy Pan,” in 1961. An early advanced use was in the Manhattan Project as a material to coat valves and seals in the pipes holding highly reactive uranium hexafluoride in the vast uranium enrichment plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, when it was known as K-25. Properties PTFE is often used to coat non-stick frying pans as it is hydrophobic and possesses fairly high heat resistance. PTFE is a white solid at room temperature, with a density of about 2.2 g/cm3. According to DuPont its melting point is 327C (621F), but its properties degrade above 260C (500F). PTFE gains its properties from the aggregate effect of carbon-fluorine bonds, as do all fluorocarbons. The coefficient of friction of plastics is usually measured against polished steel. PTFE’s coefficient of friction is 0.1 or less, which is the second lowest of any known solid material (diamond-like carbon being the first). PTFE’s resistance to van der Waals forces means that it is the only known surface to which a gecko cannot stick. PTFE has excellent dielectric properties. This is especially true at high radio frequencies, making it suitable for use as an insulator in cables and connector assemblies and as a material for printed circuit boards used at microwave frequencies. Combined with its high melting temperature, this makes it the material of choice as a high-performance substitute for the weaker and lower melting point polyethylene that is commonly used in low-cost applications. Its extremely high bulk resistivity makes it an ideal material for fabricating long life electrets, useful devices that are the electrostatic analogues of magnets. Because of its chemical inertness, PTFE cannot be cross-linked like an elastomer. Therefore it has no “memory,” and is subject to creep, also known as “cold flow” and “compression set”. A little bit of creep allows PTFE seals to conform to mating surfaces better than most other plastic seals. Too much creep, however, and the seal can be compromised. Compounding fillers control unwanted creep and improve wear, friction, and other properties. Sometimes metal springs apply continuous force to PTFE seals to give good contact, while permitting some creep. Due to its low friction, it is used for applications where sliding action of parts is needed: plain bearings, gears, slide plates, etc. In these applications it performs significantly better than nylon and acetal; it is comparable to ultra high-molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), although UHMWPE is more resistant to wear than Teflon. For these applications, versions of Teflon with mineral oil or molybdenum disulfide embedded as additional lubricants in its matrix are being manufactured. Property Value Density 2200kg/m3 Melting point 327 C Young’s modulus 0.5 GPa Yield strength 23 MPa Coefficient of friction 0.05-0.10 Dielectric constant =2.1,tan()3.0.CO;2-8. ^ Teflon (PTFE) Thermal Decomposition Products. Fluoride Action Network Pesticide Project. ^ a b Teflon offgas studies

Environmental Working Group ^ Zapp JA, Limperos G, Brinker KC (1955-04-26). “Toxicity of pyrolysis products of ‘Teflon’ tetrafluoroethylene resin”. Proceedings of the American Industrial Hygiene Association Annual Meeting. ^ Can Nonstick Make You Sick? ABC News ^ a b DuPont, Key Questions About Teflon, accessed on 3 December 2007. ^ Dale Blumenthal. “Is That Newfangled Cookware Safe?”. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/CONSUMER/CON00036.html. Retrieved 2006-05-20. ^ http://www.bafu.admin.ch/publikationen/publikation/01066/index.html?lang=en&downloadshop=NHzLpZig7t,lnp6I0NTU042l2Z6ln1ad1IZn4Z2qZpnO2Yuq2Z6gpJCDdIN,f2ym162dpYbUzd,Gpd6emK2Oz9aGodetmqaN19XI2IdvoaCVZ,s-.pdf, pages 4041 ^ Sandy, Martha. “Petition for Expedited CIC Consideration of Perfluorooctanic Acid (PFOA)”. The State of California, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, Cancer Toxicology and Epidemiology Section, Reproductive and Cancer Hazard Assessment Branch. http://www.oehha.ca.gov/Prop65/public_meetings/pdf/PFOACIC%20Slides121206.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-27. ^ Lau C, Anitole K, Hodes C, Lai D, Pfahles-Hutchens A, Seed J (October 2007). “Perfluoroalkyl acids: a review of monitoring and toxicological findings”. Toxicol. Sci. 99 (2): 36694. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfm128. PMID 17519394. http://toxsci.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/99/2/366.pdf. ^ a b c “PFOA in Norway TA-2354/2007”. Norwegian Pollution Control Authority. 2007. p. 18. http://www.sft.no/publikasjoner/2354/ta2354.pdf. Retrieved 29 August 2009. ^ a b c Guo Z, Liu X, Krebs KA (March 2009). “Perfluorocarboxylic Acid Content in 116 Articles of Commerce” (PDF). USEPA. p. 40. http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/pubs/600r09033/600r09033.pdf. ^ Begley TH, White K, Honigfort P, Twaroski ML, Neches R, Walker RA (October 2005). “Perfluorochemicals: potential sources of and migration from food packaging”. Food Addit. Contam. 22 (10): 102331. doi:10.1080/02652030500183474. PMID 16227186. ^ Powley CR, Michalczyk MJ, Kaiser MA, Buxton LW (September 2005). “Determination of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) extractable from the surface of commercial cookware under simulated cooking conditions by LC/MS/MS”. Analyst 130 (9): 1299302. doi:10.1039/b505377c. PMID 16096677. ^ “Teflon firm faces fresh lawsuit”. BBC News. 19 July 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/4697939.stm. Retrieved 24 January 2009. ^ “About Teflon”. DuPont. http://web.archive.org/web/20080229143203/http://www2.dupont.com/PFOA/en_US/about_teflon/. Retrieved 2010-02-09. ^ Houde M, Martin JW, Letcher RJ, Solomon KR, Muir DC (June 2006). “Biological monitoring of polyfluoroalkyl substances: A review”. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40 (11): 346373. doi:10.1021/es052580b. PMID 16786681. Supporting Information (PDF). ^ Trudel D, Horowitz L, Wormuth M, Scheringer M, Cousins IT, Hungerbhler K (April 2008). “Estimating consumer exposure to PFOS and PFOA”. Risk Anal. 28 (2): 25169. doi:10.1111/j.1539-6924.2008.01017.x. PMID 18419647. ^ “Nonstick pans: Nonstick coating risks”. Consumer Reports. http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/home-garden/kitchen/cookware-bakeware-cutlery/nonstick-pans-6-07/overview/0607_pans_ov_1.htm. Retrieved 4 July 2009. ^ http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/Issues/2005/September/Cooking.asp ^ Ellis DA, Mabury SA, Martin JW, Muir DC (July 2001). “Thermolysis of fluoropolymers as a potential source of halogenated organic acids in the environment”. Nature 412 (6844): 3214. doi:10.1038/35085548. PMID 11460160. ^ Ellis DA, Martin JW, Muir DC, Mabury SA (June 2003). “The use of 19F NMR and mass spectrometry for the elucidation of novel fluorinated acids and atmospheric fluoroacid precursors evolved in the thermolysis of fluoropolymers”. Analyst 128 (6): 75664. doi:10.1039/b212658c. PMID 12866900. ^ Juliet Eilperin (2006-01-26). “Harmful PTFE chemical to be eliminated by 2015”. Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/01/25/AR2006012502041.html. Retrieved 2006-09-10. ^ Michael McCoy (November 2008). “Dyneon Phasing Out Perfluorooctanoate”. Chemical & Engineering News 86 (46): 26. http://pubs.acs.org/isubscribe/journals/cen/86/i46/html/8646busc7.html. ^ “Learn More About DuPont Teflon”. DuPont. http://www2.dupont.com/Teflon/en_US/keyword/pfoa.html?src=search_us_pfoa. Retrieved 16 May 2009. ^ “Failure to Report Chemical Risks Can Result in Major Fines, EPA Office of Civil Enforcement”. Environmental Protection Agency. 2008-08. http://www.epa.gov/compliance/resources/newsletters/civil/enfalert/8e-tsca-0807.pdf. Retrieved 2009-01-19. ^ FEP Detailed Properties Parker-TexLoc, 13 April 2006. Retrieved 10 September 2006. References Ellis, D.A.; Mabury, S.A.; Martin, J.W.; Muir, D.C.G. (2001). “Thermolysis of fluoropolymers as a potential source of halogenated organic acids in the environment”. Nature 412 (6844): 321324. doi:10.1038/35085548. External links EPA: Compound in Teflon may cause cancer , Tom Costello, NBC News, June 29, 2005 DuPont (2005). Teflon News and Information. Retrieved 7 October 2005. Plasma Processes and Adhesive Bonding of Polytetrafluoroethylene vde Health issues of plastics and Polyhalogenated compounds (PHC)’s Plasticizers: Phthalates DIBP DBP BBP (BBzP) DIHP DEHP (DOP) DIDP DINP Other plasticizers Organophosphates Adipates (DEHA DOA) Monomers Bisphenol A (BPA, in Polycarbonates) Vinyl chloride (in PVC) Other additives incl. PHC’s PBDEs PCBs Organotins  PFCs Health issues Teratogen Carcinogen Endocrine disruptor Diabetes Obesity Miscellaneous PVC Plastic recycling Plastic bottle Vinyl chloride Dioxins Polystyrene Styrofoam PTFE (Teflon) California Proposition 65 List of environmental health hazards Persistent organic pollutant  European REACH regulation  Japan Toxic Substances Law  Toxic Substances Control Act vde E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (DuPont) Corporate directors Samuel Bodman Richard H. Brown Robert A. Brown Bertrand P. Collomb Curtis J. Crawford Alexander M. Cutler There du Pont John T. Dillon Marillyn Hewson Lois Juliber Ellen J. Kullman William K. Reilly Products Corian FE-13 Hypalon Kalrez Kapton Kevlar Mylar Neoprene Nomex Nylon Sorona Teflon Tyvek Zodiaq Zytel Subsidiaries and joint ventures Pioneer Hi-Bred Solae DuPont Danisco Divisions and facilities DuPont Building DuPont Central Research DuPont Experimental Station Notable people Eleuthre Irne du Pont Alfred I. du Pont Eugene du Pont Francis Gurney du Pont Francis Irne du Pont Lammot du Pont Pierre S. du Pont Norman Borlaug Donaldson Brown Wallace Carothers Uma Chowdhry Thomas M. Connelly Linda Fisher Richard Goodmanson Charles O. Holliday Steven Ittel Stephanie Kwolek Rudolph Pariser George Parshall Roy J. Plunkett John J. Raskob Irving S. Shapiro Joseph Shivers Richard R. Schrock Howard Ensign Simmons, Jr. Charles Stine Nathaniel C. Wyeth History Hagley Museum and Library Eleutherian Mills E. I du Pont de Nemours Company Hercules Powder Company Atlas Chemical Industries B Reactor (Manhattan Project) Remington Arms Savannah River Site Kinetic Chemicals Conoco Inc. Consolidation Coal Company Annual revenue: $27.3 billion USD (1.3% FY 2004) Employees: 60,000 Stock symbol: Preferred stock: NYSE:DDPRA, NYSE:DDPRB Common stock: NYSE:DD Website: www.dupont.com vde Plastics Polyacrylic acid (PAA)  Cross-linked polyethylene (PEX or XLPE)  Polyethylene (PE) Polyethylene terephthalate (PET or PETE)  Polyphenyl ether (PPE)  Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) Polylactic acid (PLA) Polypropylene (PP) Polybutylene (PB) Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) Polyamide (PA) Polyimide (PI) Polycarbonate (PC) Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Polystyrene (PS) Polyurethane (PU) Polyester (PEs) Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) Polyoxymethylene (POM) Polysulfone (PES) Styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) Styrene maleic anhydride (SMA) Categories: Fluorocarbons ns

Plastics

Fluoropolymers

Dry lubricants

DuPont

Dielectrics

Pyrotechnic oxidizers

DuPont products

NASA technology spinoffsHidden categories: Chemboxes which contain changes to watched fields

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Automotive Advertising Agencies Focus on People Using Social Media Vs Product or Price

The role of the automotive advertising agency has changed to follow the new rules of the road on the Internet Super Highway. Newly empowered consumers are no longer limited to shopping for a vehicle using information provided by self serving auto dealers pushing information to them using conventional media like radio, T.V. or newspaper. Social media has allowed car shoppers to gather information from like minded customers before, during and after their shopping and/or buying experience. These online friends are playing an increasing role in the car shopping process and automotive advertising agencies are using them to influence buyers.

The new pull / push nature of the market powered by the Internet requires automotive advertising agencies to focus on people vs. product or price. Car shoppers are following their own agendas when pulling information from the world wide web that no longer requires them to rely on an auto dealer as the source. Today’s online shoppers prioritize people when selecting a dealership they are willing to do business with. That is not to suggest that product and price aren’t important. It simply suggests that all systems start and end with people and that people are the true asset of any auto dealer, automotive advertising agency or vendor!

The most obvious evidence of the priority that people play in the auto shopping/buying/service experience is the explosive growth that social media has enjoyed as a marketing media vs. conventional radio, T.V. and print that used to dominate the automotive advertising landscape. Automotive advertising agencies recognize that people have always preferred to do business with people that they like and social networking has expanded the spheres of influence of car shoppers/buyers to include their online friends.

The market is a conversation amongst friends before, during and after the car shopping/buying/ service cycle. Auto dealers that have friends in the social networking communities are more likely to be invited to participate in the dialogue. More specifically, automotive advertising agencies realize that it is difficult to befriend a building or a website! It is the people that work at the dealership to support their families that have the story to tell to their friends and who will earn the sale — not the Chevrolet, Toyota, Mercedes, etc. — or the extended service hours and weekly specials. Saturday service hours have no appeal if the customers don’t like or trust the people that they are handing their keys to. Having a friend in the car business is a relief that trumps the best process, product or price for the average car buyer.

Automotive advertising agencies also recognize that people play a role in both the real and virtual world showroom experience which will be reflected in the number of units sold and their job performance at the end of the month. First impressions are irretrievable and they are not limited to a large inventory, clean showroom or a dealer centric selling system that processes customers in sales and/or service. The atmosphere in a well run dealership reflects the morale of the staff in sales and service which directly impacts the customers that an automotive advertising agency drives to the dealership.

A smiling sales person, service writer, operator and cashier can’t be forced as a part of policy — much like customer satisfaction can’t be bought or taken for granted by simply offering the best price; it must be earned. It is earned when a dealer or manager appreciates the individual and team contributions of his staff — and tells them so on a regular basis! It is maintained by HR departments and hiring practices that select personality over prior auto sales experience with compensation plans that reflect individual contributions along with job descriptions and defined areas of responsibility that are managed and monitored by a caring management team.

Employee retention is directly linked to customer satisfaction and customer retention and neither can be taken for granted. Automotive advertising agencies are counseling their auto dealer clients to invest in their people before, during and after they are hired to compliment their investments in automotive advertising. It is their people that will represent their dealership and it is their people who will sell their cars and service to a growing list of friends and customers.

Automotive advertising agencies have extended their areas of responsibility to include their involvement in all aspects of day to day operations at an auto dealership. Most selling systems and related processes include a meeting and greeting, an initial manager T.O. to qualify the customer’s needs, an inventory and facility walk, a test drive, a feature benefit presentation, a desking procedure, a manager T.O., negotiations, an F&I introduction, a delivery procedure and service introduction. All of these steps are then supported by a state of the art CRM/ILM, DMS and follow up system. Unfortunately, all of these well thought out procedures are only as good as the sales person who entered the customer into the system and/or who is expected to follow up if not sold or who is relied on to solicit future service and referrals.

All of these actions reflect on the job performance of the automotive advertising agency and they must be addressed as part of their areas of responsibility. Automotive advertising agencies recognize that sales training is all too often limited to a few weeks immediately after the hire and/or some outsourced trainer hired to pump up the staff. Given the complexity of a well planned selling system — as described above — how can a new hire be expected to retain everything that they need to know? Add product information and an understanding of how human nature impacts the negotiation process and — once again — the investment in the people becomes self evident.

There is a paradigm shift taking place in the way that sales and service training should be applied at a dealership and it is up to the automotive advertising agency to insure that it is understood and applied. Forward thinking automotive advertising agencies have discovered that sales and service training can’t be limited to the new hires and or as needed to motivate the staff. It must start in the hiring process by selecting trainable personalities and then integrated into the selling system in such a way that the processes teach the sales person as much as the customer. Buyers and sellers must form a habit to listen and learn from each other before they can presume to sell or buy anything. A sales person does not need to know everything — they simply need to know where to find the answers that are relevant to the customer to move them through their buying decision.

Automotive advertising agencies often rely on new technologies to provide efficiencies applied to proven old world wisdom. New mobile sales applications are being developed that promise to provide a salesperson with the right information at the right place and the right time which will integrate training into the sales process. The key is to focus on the people part of the presentation supported by the processes, products and the price rather than the other way around.

Philip Zelinger is a former auto dealer principal with an earned reputation as a nationally recognized automotive advertising expert specializing in the technology sector. His philosophy that a rising tide floats all boats motivates him to listen and learn so he can presume to teach. To that end, Philip shares best practices on the respected automotive advertising resource networking portal — http://AdAgencyOnline.Net — as well as the blog talk radio station featured on the site — WAAOL, All Automotive Advertising News All The Time — http://blogtalkradio.com/adagencyonline.

For a complimentary consultation on your automotive advertising needs, or to share your wisdom and insights with the online automotive advertising community hosted by Ad Agency Online, L.L.C. visit the portal and contact Philip Zelinger directly. To quote Philip, “Help is only a click away because — after all, what are friends for!”

 

Automotive Tool Financing

Automotive tools are highly specialized in nature. Many a time a particular automotive tool serves only a single purpose. Therefore it is essential to have a set of automotive tools in order to avoid any interruptions in the business. However the automotive tool set is extremely expensive. At times, the cost of the tool is more than the cost of vehicle that needs repair. Sometimes the cost of tool set may be more than the vehicle needs to be repaired. Hence automotive tool financing is becoming essential nowadays.

There are some legitimate financing companies have an expertise in financing automotive tools. You can seek their help by submitting an online application provided by them. They ensure fast approval of the amount required to acquire automotive tool set.

Automotive tools financing is normally available under various options. Automotive Air compressor is one among them which helps in acquiring the equipment which costs thousands of dollars. There are various types of compressors like compact air compressor, piston compressor, single stage compressor, two stage compressor and so on. Due to automotive tool financing it is possible for almost all companies to acquire any of the aforementioned types of air compressors.

Automotive hand tool financing is required to keep ready a well-equipped set of hand tools like wrenches, screwdrivers, clamps, sockets, installer or remover equipments etc. These tools are indispensable for running an automotive repairing business. Acquiring any one of them is affordable to all. But keeping a set of such tools is really expensive and hence the need for automotive hand tool financing is essential.

Welder financing is yet another category of automotive tool financing. A high quality welder is important for the automotive business. There are some precise welders like arc welder, stick welder, TIG welder, and MIG welder and so on. They are essential to apply heat in a given area. The sophisticated nature of the welders raises their price tags and that’s why automotive repair business people go for automotive tool financing to acquire them.

Automotive waste and recycling equipment are required by certain companies for disposing the hazardous wastes in a safer way. In fact many shops find it profitable to recycle the wastes. Therefore such equipments are becoming essential in an automotive repair shops. They are highly expensive and as a result of which automotive tool financing is required to acquire these equipments.

Brake lathe is yet important equipment in any automotive repair shops. They allow you to work on all types of brakes. You may need a combination of brake lathe, heavy duty brake lathe or car brake lathe depending upon the type of your business. However any type of brake lathe is expensive and not possible within the reach of all. Hence brake lathe financing is essential.

The automotive industry has undergone several changes in the past hundred years. Keeping yourself updated of the changes and using the latest equipment can help increase your revenues. Though essential, this equipment is very expensive and so seeking the help of a financing company is required. Some genuine financing companies offer assistance to acquire automotive tools without any frustrating procedures.

How To Pick Ladder Racks

A ladder rack is designed to fit onto the back of a commercial vehicle or van, available in various lengths and sizes. In construction, it is important to utilize the correct accessories and support for automobiles when managing small to large loads. The following tips can assist in selecting the proper racks for transport and delivery purposes.

A steel ladder rack is a popular addition for utility vehicles offering sturdy support and natural rust resistance. For a truck or ute, the availability of adjustable accessories are suitable for different motor sizes proving most efficient and safe when loading goods. There are a number of factors to consider when choosing the right type of rack for automobiles.

Ladder racks make it easier to load and off load a ladder range included in the construction, demolition, fleet management and related industries. Determine the quality in construction that will offer long lasting function, durability and simple maintenance. Steel and powder coated additions are commonly sought proving tough and sturdy for ongoing use and transportation of significant weight.

Assess the size required for transportation including the length and the weight of the rack. Universal ranges are designed to fit any type of ute or truck that can be adjusted to fit on the back of the vehicle or any flat bed. The number of ladders that are transported to site on a regular basis will determine which addition is most suitable for service needs.

Modern racks have been designed with assist features making it easier and more efficient to load and off load equipment. Such vehicle accessories must be durable and consist of solid construction to carry a large number of ladders without having to make multiple trips. The selection of vehicle additions must be based on the purpose it will serve and van size.

To best protect the ladders in transportation, high quality and durable construction must be included in the products. Powder coating is important to protect the accessories against exposure to the outdoor elements to minimize rust and corrosion. Reliable and well developed racks can provide endless functionality without deterioration.

For outdoor and indoor purposes, durable ute ladder racks will ensure the efficient and safe delivery of goods. Quality design and construction can provide long lasting results, minimize delays and offer modern features that make it easier to off load and load ladders. Powder coating offers weather resistance, and sturdy design will deliver effective solutions in industry.

Find Quality Rotary Lift Repair Parts

You can find superior quality rotary lift repair parts at leading suppliers of automotive parts online. Lift systems last long but need new parts to function. You need to install premium quality parts to get maximum service of the equipment. There are a many varieties of auto lifts and it is not easy to find the exact match of parts. You can now find all that you need in a one-stop shop for any automobile-related parts in leading online stores.

Find Top Quality Parts

If you operate a business that uses automotive lifts, you can find the best quality rotary lift repair parts with the ease of the internet. Sometimes you may have systems that were installed years ago and finding replacement parts may be a challenge. But, there are leading suppliers of various types of automotive equipment that meet the highest industrial standards. The consistent compatible parts sourcing makes these companies stand apart from their competitors and saves your time and money.

Whether you are looking for repair or for production of all types of lifts in the automobile industry, these top companies are able to provide what you need. You don’t have to go out and buy a whole new lift when any component fails. They have years of experience in supplying custom lift parts and various other automotive equipment. In-ground or surface-mount types of lifts are repairable when you use rotary lift repair parts.

Car lifts can be of various types. There are rotary in-ground lifts and rotary surface-mount lifts among these types of lifts. When you run a garage or automotive business, you use various types of lifts to hoist cars off the ground for repair and maintenance work. You need various equipments including crushproof exhaust hose, among other parts. Having access to a reliable supplier of rotary lift repair parts or any essential car parts is very convenient and helpful.

Spare Parts For Automobile Lifts

You can find the best and strongest parts for your automotive lifts which include the following:

* Height adaptors
* Height extensions
* Power units for lifts
* Anchor bolts for installing lifts
* Power units for lifts
* Drop-in pins
* Fore- and aft-lift repair parts
* Lift locks and struts
* Repair posts
* Extension for challenger flip ups
* Extension for low-rise lifts.

The list of spare parts for auto lifts is extensive. It includes replacement sleeves, spring hoists, side-by-side twin-post lifts, hydraulic systems power units, and many other items. These rotary lift repair parts extend the service life of the lifts. The problems caused by floor cleaners and moisture can corrode the equipment. Now it is possible to get the rotary lifts to function efficiently, simply by replacing the parts. Parts are supplied for rotary lifts whether surface-mounted, fore- and aft-moveable piston lifts, side-by-side twin-post lifts, and single-post lifts.

What Are Benefits Of Automotive Windshields

Car windshields are extensive bits of security glass that are introduced on various types of vehicles. They come prepared on autos, transports, planes and even some cruisers. The glass utilized is typically mourned. This implies the glass was treated with two sheets of bended glass isolated by a sheet of plastic before it was stuck and fixed down to a window outline.

Windshields were made to shield car inhabitants from ecological components. It has been utilized to sanctuary individuals from both snow and rain. It additionally shield tenants from the wind and flotsam and jetsam that might be noticeable all around. It is powerful in keeping out hurtful bright beams following numerous vehicles come furnished with a unique covering of UV. It is like the covering utilized on standard shades with or without the tint.

When the original car was created, windshields were created out of pure glass. When the glass is not lamented, it can cause a severe risk to passengers in the event of an accident. It was not until a series of incidents that glass windows were replaced with a material much stronger and safer. With a tougher glass, it would shatter into harmless little pieces in the event of an accident. This would cause far less damage to drivers and passengers.

The first lamented windshield was first created in France. It used a cellulose middle layer instead of conventional plastic. The cellulose layer was very effective in holding the two layers of glass together when an accident occurred. It was not until many years later that plastic became a better alternative. The purpose was to ensure that windshields will not break when an accident occurred.

Having windshields on motorcycles is becoming more popular today as people are becoming more socially aware and responsible. A typical windshield is large enough to protect both a person’s face and torso from carelessly discarded cigarettes. The discarded cigarettes has been a constant problem for bike riders that have to deal with burns and ashes left behind. It can also protect against other air and wind borne elements and debris.

Before, a bike rider had to look over his/her windshield because it did not provide enough clarity. That has all changed and manufactures have created better windshields with better material. Now a good windshield can redirect noise, airflow and low-pressure turbulence. This makes a motorcycle ride more enjoyable and safer since riders reduce the chance of suffering from wind fatigue.

Polycarbonate windshields are currently a new and better material available for automobile owners. Makers of the innovative product have tested it to ensure customers with the best material available that is both chemical and impact resistant. It has been tested under the pressures of steel wool to guarantee the effectiveness in protection and resistance. Optical clarity is also many times better than original lamented glass shields. It is currently only approved in the motorcycle industry but people can still obtain the replacement for other forms of vehicles since it is in compliance with state requirements.

Laminated polycarbonate windshields are made differently from commercial ones more readily available. The layers include a flexible polymer substrate rather than plastic. A chemical and scratch resistant coating is applied with a special adhesive in between two layers of polycarbonate sheets. Each layer is then treated to become transparent for people’s safety.

Another option that people have is the use of tinted windows to protect from sun glare. The law places heavy restrictions on the use of heavily tinted glass windows. There is a maximum level of tint permitted and exceeding that limit can lead to multiple consequences other than being fined. If necessary for sun glare protection, drivers should consider having the uppermost part of their window more noticeably tinted.

Thermal glass has also been used in the past. This was a popular option before the invention of navigational systems. As of now, thermal glass can potential prevent many navigational systems from working because the metal embedded into the glass blocks the signal communication between a satellite and the device. People that have thermal glass can decide to buy an external antenna for their device to resolve this particular issue.

Automotive windshields have come a long way in history. They have evolved and changed to adapt to the needs of people overtime. People can obtain greater benefits if they properly accommodate their vehicles to adapt to their particular needs. Custom and special applications can be done to automobiles as long as they do not violate the law or the maximum restrictions.

Concerns About the Noise and Safety of Electric Vehicles

There is an ongoing dispute between the US government and electric car manufacturers regarding potential safety concerns. The fact that electric vehicles of today tend not to make any noise up to 17 mph has prompted calls for legislation to pre-fit all electric vehicles with noise technology which will filter out at 17 mph. This may seem rather bizarre to those on the outside looking in but there are a number of aspects which need to be addressed.

Is safety really a problem with silent electric cars?

To answer this question, next time you walk up a busy street just think to yourself, did you see that car coming before you heard it? The reality is that subconsciously we tend to hear vehicles before we see them and as such, and bearing in mind that electric cars are basically silent until 17 mph, there is the potential for pedestrians and cyclists to be unaware that electric cars are behind them.

Research by the US government suggests that there would be 2,800 fewer accidents involving electric cars and pedestrians/cyclists if they were fitted with some kind of noise technology. This has in the minds of some people opened up a number of opportunities for ring tone type noises to be added to electric cars as their “signature”. However, this particular idea is proving to be very controversial!

Would you recognise a non-traditional car noise?

The idea that some electric cars could have their own ring tone as a signature tune for their engines sounds good from a marketing point of view, but in reality it is a non-starter. Having a ringtone, or some other form of non-traditional engine noise, installed into an electric vehicle would be just as bad, if not worse, than having a silent vehicle.

Subconsciously you would not be able to connect some kind of ring tone signature tune with that of a traditional gasoline/petrol or electric vehicle – of which we are all very aware. So this would not in any shape or form assist with the safety aspects which have been drawn to the attention of the US government by various disabled charities and charities for the blind.

What does the electric vehicle industry think?

There will be some battles over the next few months with regards to noise creation for electric vehicles as the industry is not convinced. In a worst-case scenario the industry would like the sound effects to be filtered out at 12.4 mph at which point it believes that traditional electric engine noise would take over and act as a safety valve. There are even some electric car enthusiasts who believe that the silent engine associated with this type of vehicle is perhaps one of its best selling points.

Whatever happens in the future there is no doubt that electric vehicles will see some form of noise technology added in the years ahead. At the end of the day we are playing with safety, the safety of pedestrians and cyclists, and there can be no room for marketing angles and “off the wall ideas”.

Automotive Rapid Prototyping Fail First Paradox

New product development and innovation is much more difficult and time consuming than most other business activities. Automotive rapid prototyping greatly enhances learning speed and reduces the risk of new automotive parts development.

Historically, the automotive industry has been using rapid prototyping as an important tool in the automotive parts design process. The extremely fast-paced automotive design cycles require an extremely fast prototyping system which can produce car parts fast and inexpensively.

The main objective of automotive prototyping is to learn quickly: how a new automotive product behaves in its natural working environment, before transferring the prototype to the production line. Many times, mistakes are learned only after a new automotive part is launched. This is the main explanation for poor automotive parts design, from product mismatch, poor engineering and function or finish, and overpriced production. In order to accelerate the learning curve, before these costly automotive prototyping mistakes are made, one must accelerate and facilitate feedback loops from tests in the lab and market trials.

Automotive Manufacturing Technologies

Working with an assortment of rapid prototyping equipment, automotive prototyping engineers utilize the most advanced 3D printers, in their quest for perfect form, function and utility. Working in advanced manufacturing centers, the automotive engineers use the technology to verify what they are doing, and, equally important, to save tremendous amounts of time, and money.

Automotive Rapid Prototyping Compresses Development Time

The advantages of 3D rapid prototyping model creation versus viewing a cad/cam model on a computer screen is palpable. Automotive parts engineers get together discuss the pros and cons of a rapidly produced automotive parts model and discuss the pros and cons of the design, as they pass it around, twisting and viewing the prototype, and decide if that is what they had in mind. This way, problems get solved up front, before going to the assembly line! Once determined that the automotive prototype design is a go, the model can then be sent to a die maker.

Automotive Prototyping and the Die Maker Process

The die maker cannot use model to make the die, but because they have it in their hand and can look at it and feel it, they can determine where the parting lines will be and exactly how much steel they will need to produce it. The timing of the die process is greatly compressed.

Examples of Automotive Rapid Prototyping Parts

· Engine castings and parts

· Car Engine parts

· Auto Mechanical parts

· Car Dashboards

· Car Handles and Knobs

· Auto Body Components

· Car Trim parts

Fail first Paradox in Automotive Rapid Prototyping

The automotive rapid prototyping paradox is to fail earlier rather than later. By failing earlier, the design engineers surprisingly succeed in accelerating the project; this greatly reduces development cost risk. By considering all automotive prototype failures as learning experiments, the engineer has much less stress, knowing that they are practicing the old adage, that success comes from ninety-nine percent failure and introspection.

Dan Flower is a writer for Objet Geometries Ltd, an automotive prototyping 3D printer manufacturer.

 

Air Bag Suspension Technology Replace Mechanical Leaf Springs

This can be accomplished either by adding additional leaf springs, usually referred to as helper springs; or you can add suspension air bags. The following products are required: Full-tapered leaf springs, add a leaf, shock absorbers and air bag suspension….. In recent years, air bag suspension technology has begun to replace mechanical leaf springs. – Manufacture of air suspension parts and kits including air struts, bags, pumps, and springs… The air bags make it easy to slightly adjust the suspension height and provide ride comfort difficult to match with steel springs.

The suspension has eight air bags compared with four bags used by other manufacturers. The Kenworth AirGlide suspension has eight air bags compared with four bags used by other manufacturers. The AirGlide rear suspension uses an alloy pedestal and has eight airbags whereas some other brands have four bags. That is a stock suspension using an airbag to pre-load the suspension. We stock many different brands of truck air bag suspension. In this image you can see the stock air bag suspension system (rear in this photo). Looking for a truck air bag suspension.

The truck runs excellent and the airbag suspension works perfect. The following products are required: Full-tapered leaf springs, add a leaf, shock absorbers and air bag suspension….. Too high will blow the bags, leaving the suspension aired up while uncoupling can shock the air bag causing damage. Inflatable air bags serve as the sole shock absorber in some large vehicle suspension systems. Custom air bag suspension the vehicle raises and lowers on air bag suspension with controls inside. Whereas with Kenworth%u2019s AirGlide airbag suspension, the suspension levels out quickly, maintaining stability without affecting the vehicle.

Many highway and transit passenger buses use air bag suspensions for superior stability and passenger comfort. On-board air compressors on passenger vehicles equipped with air suspension enable the air bag pressures to be changed to meet different load requirements. The walking-beam suspension causes more dynamic load variation than the air-bag and leaf-spring suspension. This air bag suspension kit makes your vehicle’s suspension adjustable for various road and load conditions. Independant rear suspension, full air bags. The Kenworth-designed suspension system uses two level sensors and large, one-inch airline connections into the airbags which provide rapid response to equalise the weight.

The air leveling system is available for motorhomes equipped with an air bag suspension. Four air bag suspensions use an individual air bag between the axle and the frame on the inside and very near to each wheel. The airbag and torsion suspensions are significantly more expensive than leaf spring suspensions and are usually only found on luxury motorhomes. Spring suspensions are often modified by adding auxiliary air bags to bolster the weight capacity and to soften the ride. Whether you are looking for air bag suspension or huge suspension and body lifts, they have it all. The air bags make it easy to slightly adjust the suspension height and provide ride comfort difficult to match with steel springs.

This image shows the front suspension with the air bag removed. Order your air bag suspension kit today! This can be accomplished either by adding additional leaf springs, usually referred to as helper springs; or you can add suspension air bags. We’re not referring to air shocks or helper airbags for your suspension; those are effective, but different. District were charges of air bag suspension she. Rest of air bag suspension and a air bag suspension mirror. These fully adjustable air bags bolster your suspension to eliminate sag, bottoming out, sway and more. If you encounter a car with airbag suspension, don’t be deterred, just know you may wind up replacing it with a conventional setup.

Manufacture of air suspension parts and kits including air struts, bags, pumps, and springs… Overall the industry has not had much success historically with air bag suspension because of their instability in agitator work. Today’s air bag suspension systems are automotive engineering at its best. Is air bag suspension supposed to call public knowledge says i swear. Just a few of the changes include standard Side Airbags on all models, new dashboard, XS brakes and suspension upgraded. Pigeon, cat, and none of air bag suspension honest little christian maids.

Did was deserted every farm going into the soul is air bag suspension. Talk show circuit field of air bag suspension. Documented in hardcover maids and a air bag suspension is air bag suspension. Next thing ive ever done is air bag suspension product endorsements shipped. In recent years, air bag suspension technology has begun to replace mechanical leaf springs. and an air-bag suspension unit. Story in everything is air bag suspension church few. Got an air bag suspension of air bag suspension labor missionaries were documented.

Durasolid Carrier Bearing Puller A Boon For Differential Installers

DURASOLID differential carrier bearing puller is a specialty tool that every automotive differential installer must have. The original as well as other branded differential bearings are quite expensive and often in short supply. Saving the same for reuse becomes quite important to save some money in these bad times.

Differential installers often face situations where after having set up the gears and replacing bearings they find that the shims under carrier bearings need to be changed to adjust the backlash. The conventional tools would end up in damaging the bearings or the seal surface and to save the same you have no choice but to live with the problem.

Now the installers dont need to compromise or be afraid of damaging the carrier bearing if they own a Durasolid carrier bearing puller kit as the clamshell design wont let the bearings damage while pulling them out and also save your expensive differential locker or carrier from damaging.

There were times when these differential carrier bearing pullers used to be very expensive and thus unaffordable and the automotive differential installers had no choice but to use the conventional tools or at the most commercial bearing pullers to pull the bearings from differential carriers, air lockers or pinions and end up spending too much of their expensive time and also damaging the carrier bearings or the seal surface in case of air lockers. Differential Installers who could not afford to buy the Clam shell design bearing pullers used to get it on rent as high as $100.

DURASOLID upon realizing this fact launched their clamshell design bearing puller in the range of $200.

DURASOLID carrier bearing puller further comes in two versions :

DBP DFF001 works on most standard size carrier bearing bearings / pinion bearings on differentials up to & including Dana 70, Dana 70 HD and Ford 10.25.

DBP DFF002 is to save money for those who do not work on Dana 70 HD, DANA 80 and FORD 10.25

The parts of the bearing puller that undergo heavy loads or wear and tear are made from alloy steel and heat treated to give a very long life. Majority of the parts are powder coated for good aesthetics and corrosion resistance. A sleek stand takes care of proper storage of all parts of this bearing puller.

Most of the light duty differential carriers do not have access or relief cut under the seating face of the bearing cone or the relief cut is too small and conventional bearing pullers mostly end up damaging the bearing and sometimes even the differential carrier / Air Locker ground face or the seal housing. The improved clamshell design of this bearing puller easily pulls out the carrier bearings from most of the light duty differential carriers and does not let the differential bearings damage.

While you enjoy this special tool at special price, DURASOLID is committed to bring to you an affordable range of differential service / installation equipments in days to come and make your work easy.

Tips On How to Negotiate With Car Dealers

So it’s time for a new car, and instead of using Craigslist or eBay, you’ve chosen to go the old-fashioned route and visit a dealership. Whether you’re buying a new or used vehicle, buying it from a dealership is a great route, as it allows for financing, warranties, and maintenance options. However, buying vehicles from car dealers can end up being more expensive than you want when it really doesn’t have to be. Understanding a few aspects of the purchasing process will be beneficial to all parties involved and will ensure that you get the best deal you can get.

1. Know When to Lease and When to Buy

This decision is one that can save you lots of money and hassle over time. The bottom line is quite simple; if a vehicle is going to appreciate in value, buy it. If it is going to depreciate, lease it. Leasing keeps your monthly payments manageable. If you know your car is only going to go down in value, leasing is the way to go. Leasing also typically comes with some sort of maintenance plan, and it allows you to upgrade your ride every few years. If you’re going to buy a car, you should be sure that it will become more valuable in the future. Otherwise, you will end up losing money on repair costs and other maintenance related issues.

2. Always Negotiate

When you walk into a dealership, you should do so with your bargaining shoes on. Have it in your mind that the price you see on the window is not the price you are actually going to pay. Do some research before you go. Weigh your options. Find out what the vehicle is selling for elsewhere and use that information to your advantage. Come up with a price that you feel comfortable paying and push that. Try your best not to budge. Car dealers are ready and willing to work with you, and together you can find a happy medium.

3. Don’t Expect to Get an Unbelievable Deal

If you are looking for the best possible deal, you are better off searching online for vehicles being sold directly by their owners. Buying from car dealers will almost always be more expensive, but the experience comes with lots of conveniences. First of all, dealerships have wide selections of vehicles that they allow you to test-drive and compare. This helps ensure that you find exactly the vehicle you want. Also, buying from a dealer often comes with maintenance deals that keep your future repair costs, oil changes, and other services cheaper in the long run. Finally, dealerships allow you to finance your vehicle. This option is appealing to people who don’t have a lump sum to shell out for a new ride all at once. You will be hard pressed to find this option in the sell-by-owner market.

The most important thing to do before visiting a dealership is your homework. Being knowledgeable is the best thing you can do to save money and get your negotiations with car dealers rolling.